LKMLでEric Rannaud さんが「madvise(2) MADV_SEQUENTIAL behavior」というタイトルでなんでシーケンシャルゆーてんのに読んだ後捨ててくれへんのやーー


あと、mmapを使ったused onceページは扱いが難しいんじゃよー
mmapでタッチした瞬間にaccess bitが立ってしまうので、普通はそこで即捨て候補からはずれてしまうからな。


mm/madvise.c and madvise(2) say:

* MADV_SEQUENTIAL - pages in the given range will probably be accessed
* once, so they can be aggressively read ahead, and
* can be freed soon after they are accessed.

But as the sample program at the end of this post shows, and as I
understand the code in mm/filemap.c, MADV_SEQUENTIAL will only increase
the amount of read ahead for the specified page range, but will not
influence the rate at which the pages just read will be freed from

Running the sample program on a large file, say 4GB on a machine with
3GB of RAM, the resident size of the program will grow enough to evict
pretty much everything else. (on

Right before the program below is done reading the 4GB file:

7f6c3e654000-7f6d3e654000 r--s 00000000 fd:02 98125 /tmp/bigfile
Size: 4194304 kB
Rss: 2472220 kB
Pss: 2472220 kB
Shared_Clean: 0 kB
Shared_Dirty: 0 kB
Private_Clean: 2472220 kB
Private_Dirty: 0 kB
Referenced: 718748 kB

I'm well aware that the kernel is free to ignore the advice given
through madvise(2) (fadvise(2) seems to behave similarly, btw), so I'm
certainly not claiming this is a bug. However, I was wondering what was
the rationale behind it, and whether the manpages should be updated to
be more accurate.

There is a very straightforward workaround: MADV_DONTNEED on the range
just read, every so often, will be very effective at controlling the
resident size of the mapping. (mm/madvise.c:madvise_dontneed() calls


# dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/bigfile bs=1024 count=$((4*1024*1024))
# gcc test.c
# Run:
file=/tmp/bigfile; ./a.out $file & pid=$! ; while true; do cat /proc/$pid/smaps | grep -A 8 $file; sleep 1; done

# cat test.c


int main(int argc, char **argv)
if (argc != 2)
return -EINVAL;

char *fn = argv[1];
int fd = open(fn, O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0)
return -errno;

struct stat st;
int ret = fstat(fd, &st);
if (ret)
return -errno;

unsigned char *map = mmap(0, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (map == MAP_FAILED)
return -errno;

ret = madvise(map, st.st_size, MADV_SEQUENTIAL);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, "madvise failed\n");
return -errno;

const int pagesize = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
unsigned char dummy = 0;
off_t i;

for (i = 0; i < st.st_size; i += pagesize) {
dummy += map[i];

munmap(map, st.st_size);

return dummy;

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